About a year ago I felt the Lord impressing upon me the word Sabbath. I began to wonder why the New Testament church does not keep the Sabbath. I have been doing some interesting research on the 3rd of 10 Commandments given to Moses by God.
Most New Testament theologians believe the keeping of the Sabbath ended with Christ’s death. It is believed Christ’s death on the cross was the fulfillment of the law. The 1st mention of God’s people keeping a Sabbath is found in Exodus 16:23 “he said to them, the Lord has said, tomorrow is a solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord;” when the Israelites were freed from captivity in Egypt keeping the Sabbath was instituted and the practice of keeping the Sabbath commanded . The Jewish nation was to remember the Sabbath, to keep it Holy, set apart for God. Keeping the Sabbath is listed as one of the 10 Commandments in Exodus chapter 20.
Below is a listing of these Commandments given in the Old Testament, along with their New Testament counterpart.
1. “You shall have no other gods before me”. Matthew 4:10; 6:24
2. “You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the 3rd and 4th generations of those who hate me, but showing love to 1000 generations of those who love me and keep my commandments”. Acts 17:29
3. “You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.” James 5:12
4. “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 6 days you shall labor and do all your work, but the 7th day is a Sabbath day, to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your manservant or maidservant, nor your animals, nor the alien within your gates. For in 6 days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the 7th day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy”.
5. “Honor your father and mother so that you may live long in the land. The Lord your God is giving you.” Matthew 19: 18
6. “You shall not murder.” Matthew 19:18
7. “You shall not commit adultery.” Matthew 19:18
8. “You shall not steal.” Matthew 19:18
9. “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.” Matthew 19:18
10. “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his manservant or maidservant, his ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.” Matthew 19:18
It is interesting to note that the references in Matthew 19 are in response to a direct question by a man who walked up to Jesus and asked, “Teacher, what good thing must I do to get eternal life?” “Why do you ask me about what is good?” Jesus replied. “There’s only One who is good. If you want to enter life, obey the commandments.” “Which ones?” The man inquired. Jesus replied, “ ’do not murder, do not commit adultery, do not steal, do not give false testimony, honor your father and mother, and love your neighbor as yourself.’ ”
The 1st 4 commandments are not directly restated or re-quoted in the New Testament. However, as you can see I have listed verses for the 1st 3 Commandments which do indicate we are to have no other gods, but God; we are not to make idols and we should not use the name of the Lord, incorrectly.
This leaves us with the 4th commandment, “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy.”
There is more to come!
Until next time, Sandra